In any case, I think when we consider challenges to monogamy we have to acknowledge that just as a cultural standard of monogamy requires the imposition of certain sanctions and the inculcation with certain ideas, polygamy and polyamory come with analogous but different requirements.
Masai women suppress sexual jealousy by telling and retelling stories of women who have gone insane because of their sexual jealousy. The women in these stories are invariably foreigners, because no Masai woman could be so unwise as to let herself be overcome by such jealousy. For men, the expectations are more stringent. If a man complains that his wife has had sex with another man, his age-mates will collectively punish him with a fine of nine head of cattle.
The boundary between truth and fantasy in these extramarital affairs is unknowable, but the popular image depicts elders as disgruntled cuckolds who have lost control over moran as well as over their young wives.
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