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The most useful measures are shown at the top of the list. In addition to total vitamin K2, total vitamin K includes the small amount of vitamin K1 that is present in some of these foods. MK-4 is the form that plays a specific role in regulating gene expression. MK-4 and MK-7 are the two forms that have been studied well and shown to support the activation of vitamin K-dependent proteins produced outside the liver.

Values are reported as μg/100g food for solids or μg/100 ml food for liquids.  NM=Not Measured. ND=Not Detected.

Kielbasa (pan-fried)

      • Total Vitamin K2= 475.1
      • Total Vitamin K= 476
      • MK-4= 23.7
      • MK-7= 0
      • Sum of MK-4 + MK-7= 23.7
      • MK-5= 0
      • MK-6= 0
      • MK-8= 0
      • MK-9= 0
      • MK-10= 431
      • MK-11= 20.4
      • MK-12= 0
      • MK-13= 0
      • Vitamin K1= 0.9
      • Category:  Processed Meats
      • Reference:   Fu X, Shen X, Finnan E, Haytowitz DB, Booth, SL. Measurement of multiple vitamin K forms in processed and fresh-cut pork products in the U.S. food supply. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.2016 Jun 8;64(22):4531-5.